BURNS: ATTENTION PLEASE!
What are Burns?
Burns are common and extremely painful injury. They may be mild or severe. Mild burns can be treated easily with First Aid methods but severe always need First Aid with specialized medical assistance. Before treating a burn identify its degree of severity and kind.
Does it have some types?
Burns have types according to their severity and have different treatments based on it.
First Degree Burns: Least serious with burning sensation and superficial epidermis skin lesions.
Treatment: First aid and “Home remedy” is enough to treat.
Second Degree Burns: Second layered skin “dermis” damage with an intensely reddened, splotchy appearance and swelling.
Treatment: Medical assistance is necessary with first aid.
Third Degree Burns: High risk injury with permanent tissue damage which can affect fat, muscle and even bones.
Treatment: Immediately call for emergency help.
How to treat First and Second Degree burns?
- Always go for First Aid treatment until medical help reached
- Cool the burn and stop the burning process with tap water. Remove all obstacles which can stop you to cool it otherwise after swelling it will be difficult to remove them. Never apply any greasy substance like Butter etc over it.
- Cover the burn with the sterile gauze bandage, loosely
- Take any OTC medicine available at home but be cautious if having some allergic history with that medicine.
- Can apply aloe Vera lotions to burn but gently and softly.
How to treat Third Degree burns?
Such burns can be difficult to handle and treat at home. But go with these steps until get the medical assistance.
- Do not remove the clothing but make sure that victim is away from the burn source and breathing properly.
- Ensure body temperature to lower levels and cool the burns to avoid shock situation.
- Go for CPR if patient is not breathing.
- Cover the burn with sterile bandage or with moist clean cloth.
Electrical burns may not look serious, but they can be very damaging. Someone who has an electrical burn should seek immediate medical attention at an A&E department. If the person has been injured by a low-voltage source (up to 220-240 volts) such as a domestic electricity supply, safely switch off the power supply or remove the person from the electrical source using a non-conductive material. This is a material that does not conduct electricity, such as a wooden stick or a wooden chair.
Do not approach a person who is connected to a high-voltage source (1,000 volts or more).
Chemical burns can be very damaging and require immediate medical attention at an A&E department.
Help health care unit by telling each and everything about the causative factor.
Wear appropriate protective clothing while helping others, then:
- remove any clothing on the person that has the chemical on it
- if the chemical is dry, brush it off their skin
- use running water to remove any traces of the chemical from the burnt area.